The Campania Wine Region: Where Italy’s Finest Wine is Sourced
First inhabited by the Greeks in the 8th century B.C., the Campania Region is not only rich in its resources but also in its history. Taken by the Roman Empire in the 4th century B.C., and suffering the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 A.D., Campania has since evolved into a region that houses exquisite cuisine and beautiful authentic wine.
Winemaking in Campania
With over a hundred native grapes across the region, it’s no wonder Campania has hosted winemakers since the 13th century. Its diverse landscape and micro-climates have made it the perfect environment for long-growing crops. Coastal Mediterranean breezes temper the heat felt across the Apennine Mountains and bring great acidity to the grapes. Once considered simple, local Campania wines have since had a dynamic resurgence from the 1980s to the present day.
Campania’s Native Varietals
By choosing not to seek out international options, Campania winemakers have been able to stay true to their heritage and indigenous roots. The region now boasts four DOCG designations for the wines of Taurasi, Greco di Tufo, Aglianico del Taburno, and Fiano di Avellino. The DOCG indicates the highest quality wines under the Italian wine law.
The region’s most prolific wine is Taurasi, made from the Aglianico grape, which has incredible ageing potential. Modern whites, on the other hand, are made from Fiano, Falanghina, and Greco, which are generally bright, aromatic, and mineral.
Most vines are grafted onto American rootstock to keep them protected from the destructive Phylloxera louse. However, Campania’s vines are planted on their own rootstocks, which keeps pests from proliferating even more effectively due to the composition of its volcanic soils.
It is noteworthy that 75% of Campania’s wines are now considered DOCG; interestingly, production has expanded to the unique islands of Capri and Ischia.
Other Campania Appellations
Campania’s DOP (Denomination of Protected Origin) wines are produced with regionally grown varieties and include:
- Falanghina del Sannio
Campania’s IGP wines are produced using unique methods outside of traditional DOC (Denomination of Controlled Origing) laws and include:
- Colli di Salerno
- Terre del Volturno
Campania’s other delicacies
Campania isn’t only home to the greatest wine in the country, but has also introduced signature Italian delicacies such as pizza and pasta. It also produces Neapolitan coffee, which is a far stronger brew as compared to traditional Italian espresso. Its other delicacies include Limoncello, Strega, Grappa, and sparkling Spumante.
A haven for traditional and modern winemakers, the Campania Region has allowed endless possibilities for food and beverage connoisseurs alike. At Pellegrino Wines and Co, we work to provide wine enthusiasts with the most authentic reds and whites possible, while promoting the work of local vineyards. We bring exquisite artisanal produce to the U.K. in order to create the most bona fide Italian dining experience outside of the region.